Ends of the Earth

Explore what is being done to protect the important polar regions and how everyone of us can play a part in preserving them for future generations.

Years: 3, 4, 5, 6

Duration: 120mins

Curriculum Objectives: 13

Subjects: English, Geography, PSHE

Resource Overview

At the opposite ends of the earth, lie the coldest places on our planet. Bitterly cold winds whip across a landscape where temperatures fall far below freezing. Over millions of years, species have evolved to survive in these extreme conditions. There are about 20 million breeding pairs of penguins in the Antarctic. The world’s largest living land carnivore, the polar bear, makes it'shome in the Arctic. Yet the polar regions are under threat. Even the relatively untouched expanse of Antarctica is suffering the effects of climate change and the Arctic is also threatened by pollution, developments in the oil and gas industry, and overfishing.

Thank you to WWF for allowing us to share their wonderful resource.

Resource Assets


Ends of the Earth Resource Pack

This pack is aimed at teachers of 4–11 year olds and is designed to help them introduce pupils to the polar regions and understand the threats that they face. Pupils will be filled with wonder at the environments and the animals that live there and will begin to understand how the future of these places is directly linked to their own lives.

Curriculum Objectives

  • Ask relevant questions to extend their understanding and knowledge.
  • Listen and respond appropriately to adults and peers
  • Use spoken language to develop understanding through speculating, hypothesising, imagining and exploring ideas.
  • Year 3 and 4 (Age 7-9)
    • Assess effectiveness, and suggest improvements, for their own and others’ writing.
    • Discuss words and phrases that capture the reader’s interest and imagination.
    • Prepare poems and play scripts to read aloud and to perform, using intonation, tone, volume and action.
    • Read aloud their own writing, using appropriate intonation and controlling the tone and volume so that the meaning is clear.
  • Year 5 and 6 (Age 9-11)
    • Discuss and evaluate how authors use language, considering the impact on the reader.
    • Identify and discuss themes and conventions in and across a wide range of writing.
    • Identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning.
    • Perform their own compositions, using appropriate intonation, volume, and movement so that meaning is clear.
  • Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle.