A Century's Memories: Friend or Foe

Animals were key to life in World War 1. Explore how these creatures changed lives!

Years: 5, 6

Duration: 120mins

Curriculum Objectives: 3

Subject: English

Resource Overview

Animals were key to life in World War 1, some made an invaluable contribution, others made life almost intolerable. Listen to audio files from family members which bring alive life in the trenches and explore just how these creatures changed lives. Pupils are invited to write in role as an animal - friend or foe - creating a diary entry from a very different perspective.

A Century’s Memories was an oral history project undertaken by Bath & North East Somerset Council to commemorate the Centenary of the First World War. Young students and army cadets interviewed older residents across the district about what their families and communities had done during the War, and how the War had impacted on their lives. An illustrated book and Key Stage 2 Learning Pack were produced using the stories shared, and the interviews were archived at Bath Record Office.

Resource Assets


Friend or Foe Lesson Plan

Everything you need to know to teach this lesson. Including all links to resources, step by step guidance, curriculum objectives and extension opportunities.


How to write a diary

This plan gives top tips on how to write a diary, while in role as an animal.


Diary Planning Sheet

Use this simple guide to brainstorm ideas from the chosen animal and what their diary is going to say.


Sentence Starters

This handy tool offers inspiration on how to start your sentences when writing the diary of the chosen creature.


Friend or Foe PowerPoint

A PowerPoint presentation to support the Friend or Foe lesson

Curriculum Objectives

  • Year 3 and 4 (Age 7-9)
    • Use conjunctions, adverbs and prepositions to express time and cause.
    • Use fronted adverbials.
  • Year 5 and 6 (Age 9-11)
    • Note and develop initial ideas, drawing on reading and research where necessary.